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LDAP: couldn't connect to LDAP server
Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:592]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]
LDAP user to find: atheriault [auth.php:186]
LDAP Server: ldap.ulaval.ca [auth.php:189]
LDAP Filter: (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:200]
LDAP user search: Can't contact LDAP server [auth.php:202]
LDAP search at: ou=idul,ou=comptes,dc=ulaval,dc=ca (&(|(objectclass=person))(cn=atheriault)) [auth.php:203]
LDAP search returned non-array result: 1 [auth.php:211]

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oeuvres:la_deuxieme_mort_de_ramon_mercader [2016/10/24 21:06]
Audrey Thériault
oeuvres:la_deuxieme_mort_de_ramon_mercader [2016/10/25 02:46]
Audrey Thériault
Ligne 16: Ligne 16:
 Ramón Mercader, el protagonista de //La segunda muerte de Ramón Mercader// (1978) , es un nombre ficcionado, pero que mantiene una relación de homonimia con otro Ramón Mercader : el asesino de Trotsky. De modo que presenciamos una relación resbaladiza entre lo real y lo ficcional. Tal vez en la onda postmoderna,​ Semprún está poniendo en evidencia el alto grado de semiotización que la modernidad impuso a la humanidad. El arte, intentando reflejar la ideología social, es simulacro. ​ Ramón Mercader, el protagonista de //La segunda muerte de Ramón Mercader// (1978) , es un nombre ficcionado, pero que mantiene una relación de homonimia con otro Ramón Mercader : el asesino de Trotsky. De modo que presenciamos una relación resbaladiza entre lo real y lo ficcional. Tal vez en la onda postmoderna,​ Semprún está poniendo en evidencia el alto grado de semiotización que la modernidad impuso a la humanidad. El arte, intentando reflejar la ideología social, es simulacro. ​
  
-[[http://​www.ucm.es/​info/​especulo/​numero44/​jsemprun.html|Medina,​ 2010, HTML]] ###+  * [[http://​www.ucm.es/​info/​especulo/​numero44/​jsemprun.html|Medina,​ 2010, HTML]] ###
  
 JOHNSON, Kathleen A., « The Framing of History : Jorge Semprún'​s //La Deuxième Mort de Ramón Mercader// », //French Forum//, vol. 20, no 1 (janvier 1995), p. 77-90. +++ Article de revue JOHNSON, Kathleen A., « The Framing of History : Jorge Semprún'​s //La Deuxième Mort de Ramón Mercader// », //French Forum//, vol. 20, no 1 (janvier 1995), p. 77-90. +++ Article de revue
  
-### [[http://​www.jstor.org/​stable/​40551885|Johnson,​ 1995, PDF]] ###+###  
 +  * [[http://​www.jstor.org/​stable/​40551885|Johnson,​ 1995, PDF]] ###
  
-SCHLUMBOHM, Dietrich, « Prousts Page sur Vermeer : Durchgesehene,​ erweiterte und verbesserte Auflage von Jorge Semprun ​», dans Andreas KABLITZ et Ulrich SCHULZ-BUSCHHAUS (dir.), //​Literarhistorische Begegnungen//,​ Tübingen, Narr, 1993, p. 319-327. +++ Chapitre de collectif+SCHLUMBOHM, Dietrich, « Prousts Page sur Vermeer : Durchgesehene,​ erweiterte und verbesserte Auflage von Jorge Semprún ​», dans Andreas KABLITZ et Ulrich SCHULZ-BUSCHHAUS (dir.), //​Literarhistorische Begegnungen//,​ Tübingen, Narr, 1993, p. 319-327. +++ Chapitre de collectif
  
 ORTEGA, José, « Intriga, estructura y compromiso en //La segunda muerte de Ramón Mercader//, de Jorge Semprún », //Cuadernos Hispanoamericanos : Revista Mensual de Cultura Hispanica//,​ no 310 (avril 1976), p. 160-175. +++ Article de revue ORTEGA, José, « Intriga, estructura y compromiso en //La segunda muerte de Ramón Mercader//, de Jorge Semprún », //Cuadernos Hispanoamericanos : Revista Mensual de Cultura Hispanica//,​ no 310 (avril 1976), p. 160-175. +++ Article de revue
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 In my dissertation,​ I explore the use of ludic theories in représentations of historical catastrophe. Ludics is a set of theories that see the text as a construction in process in which the readers are called to actively collaborate. I argue that the participation of the readers is even more necessary for holocaust literature since it calls for their "​response-ability"​ not to forget, to respect the memory of the "​Drowned and the Saved" and to avoid making "​petrified history that would bury the living."​ In my dissertation,​ I explore the use of ludic theories in représentations of historical catastrophe. Ludics is a set of theories that see the text as a construction in process in which the readers are called to actively collaborate. I argue that the participation of the readers is even more necessary for holocaust literature since it calls for their "​response-ability"​ not to forget, to respect the memory of the "​Drowned and the Saved" and to avoid making "​petrified history that would bury the living."​
  
-In my first chapter, I deal with Maurice Blanchot'​s work because it seems that his texts bring the problem of //The Writing of Disaster// into play the most radically. Nevertheless,​ I problematize his refusal of the narrative and visual representations of the holocaust through his "​forgetting"​ to represent concretely the "​Others"​ such as women and the colonized. In the second chapter, I show how Marguerite Duras' work, through different means of representation and by representing concrete others, succeeded in appealing to and playing with different kinds of audiences. In the third chapter, I deal with a Belgian playwright of Jewish origin, René Kalisky, who succeeded in representing the irrepresentability of the nazi holocaust while making it more concrete by situating it in a contemporary,​ racist New York. In the fourth chapter, I study the work of the Franco-Spanish novelist, Jorge Semprun. I show how he playfully criticizes both the high modernist and the consumerist versions of historical narratives of traumatic events.+In my first chapter, I deal with Maurice Blanchot'​s work because it seems that his texts bring the problem of //The Writing of Disaster// into play the most radically. Nevertheless,​ I problematize his refusal of the narrative and visual representations of the holocaust through his "​forgetting"​ to represent concretely the "​Others"​ such as women and the colonized. In the second chapter, I show how Marguerite Duras' work, through different means of representation and by representing concrete others, succeeded in appealing to and playing with different kinds of audiences. In the third chapter, I deal with a Belgian playwright of Jewish origin, René Kalisky, who succeeded in representing the irrepresentability of the nazi holocaust while making it more concrete by situating it in a contemporary,​ racist New York. In the fourth chapter, I study the work of the Franco-Spanish novelist, Jorge Semprún. I show how he playfully criticizes both the high modernist and the consumerist versions of historical narratives of traumatic events.
  
 In my two last chapters, I focus on non-European historical topics, literary genres and heuristic methods. In my fifth chapter, using Ahmadou Kourouma'​s work, I question the concept of "​francophonie,"​ and the application of French and Western theories to non-European literature. I show that narrative is necessary for victimized communities such as the Mandingue of the Ivory Coast. In my last chapter, I analyze Oe Kenzaburo’s work, showing its evolution from its post-Hiroshima "​engagement"​ through French influences, toward a Japanese committed ludism which playfully reveals both a cultural autonomy and an irreducibility to Western genre. In my two last chapters, I focus on non-European historical topics, literary genres and heuristic methods. In my fifth chapter, using Ahmadou Kourouma'​s work, I question the concept of "​francophonie,"​ and the application of French and Western theories to non-European literature. I show that narrative is necessary for victimized communities such as the Mandingue of the Ivory Coast. In my last chapter, I analyze Oe Kenzaburo’s work, showing its evolution from its post-Hiroshima "​engagement"​ through French influences, toward a Japanese committed ludism which playfully reveals both a cultural autonomy and an irreducibility to Western genre.
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 The second chapter is an historical review from the creation of Goncourt and Femina and other great prizes, the Grand Prix du Roman, Renaudot, Interallie and Medicis, until 1960. The second chapter is an historical review from the creation of Goncourt and Femina and other great prizes, the Grand Prix du Roman, Renaudot, Interallie and Medicis, until 1960.
  
-The third chapter goes directly into the chosen decade with historical environment and literary studies about ten award-winning novels: (1) 1961: Henri Thomas, //Le Promontoire//​ (Gallimard);​ (2) 1962: Yves Berger, //Le Sud// (Grasset); (3) 1963: Roger Vrigny, //La nuit de Mougins// (Gallimard);​ (4) 1964: Jean Blanzat, //Le Faussaire// (Gallimard);​ (5) 1965: Robert Pinget, //​Quelqu'​un//​ (Minuit); (6) 1966: Irene Monesi, //Nature morte devant la fenêtre// (Mercure de France); (7) 1967: Claire Etcherelli, //Elise ou la vraie vie// (Denoel); (8) 1968: Marguerite Yourcenar, //​L'​oeuvre au noir// (Gallimard);​ (9) 1969: Jorge Semprun, //La deuxième mort de Ramon Mercader// (Gallimard);​ and (10) 1970: Francois Nourissier, //La Creve// (Grasset).+The third chapter goes directly into the chosen decade with historical environment and literary studies about ten award-winning novels: (1) 1961: Henri Thomas, //Le Promontoire//​ (Gallimard);​ (2) 1962: Yves Berger, //Le Sud// (Grasset); (3) 1963: Roger Vrigny, //La nuit de Mougins// (Gallimard);​ (4) 1964: Jean Blanzat, //Le Faussaire// (Gallimard);​ (5) 1965: Robert Pinget, //​Quelqu'​un//​ (Minuit); (6) 1966: Irene Monesi, //Nature morte devant la fenêtre// (Mercure de France); (7) 1967: Claire Etcherelli, //Elise ou la vraie vie// (Denoel); (8) 1968: Marguerite Yourcenar, //​L'​oeuvre au noir// (Gallimard);​ (9) 1969: Jorge Semprún, //La deuxième mort de Ramon Mercader// (Gallimard);​ and (10) 1970: Francois Nourissier, //La Creve// (Grasset).
  
 The presentation of the Femina Committee appears in a fourth chapter with several statements obtained from some of the ladies who took part in the committee and an inquiry made as to those people who form the jury now, as well as the General Secretary. The mechanisms of voting and their opinions about literary matter are also explained. The presentation of the Femina Committee appears in a fourth chapter with several statements obtained from some of the ladies who took part in the committee and an inquiry made as to those people who form the jury now, as well as the General Secretary. The mechanisms of voting and their opinions about literary matter are also explained.
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 Finally, a group of eight indices compliment the previous information. ### Finally, a group of eight indices compliment the previous information. ###
  
-JOHNSON, Kathleen Ann, « From History to Painting in Contemporary Fiction : Temporal and Spatial Models in Novels of Butor, Simon and Semprun ​», thèse de doctorat, University of California (Irvine), 1984, 236 f. +++ Thèse de doctorat / mémoire de maîtrise+JOHNSON, Kathleen Ann, « From History to Painting in Contemporary Fiction : Temporal and Spatial Models in Novels of Butor, Simon and Semprún ​», thèse de doctorat, University of California (Irvine), 1984, 236 f. +++ Thèse de doctorat / mémoire de maîtrise
  
 ### **Abstract** ### **Abstract**
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 This study proposes to open a needed critical perspective on both the terms and efficacity of these spatial models. Chapter One introduces the space/time problem through a reading of //​L'​Emploi du Temps//. The attempt and failure to reveal "​lost"​ time through its spatialization leads to the need to complicate rather than simply apply spatial models. Simon'​s //La Route des Flandres// demonstrates that narrative is a formal, not an epistemological activity and is thus open to question and experimentation. Le palace searches for a narrative principle which would successfully mediate between the anarchy of experience and the architecture of form. Pictorial models are introduced as alternatives,​ but the text itself resists and exceeds the limits imposed by these models. This study proposes to open a needed critical perspective on both the terms and efficacity of these spatial models. Chapter One introduces the space/time problem through a reading of //​L'​Emploi du Temps//. The attempt and failure to reveal "​lost"​ time through its spatialization leads to the need to complicate rather than simply apply spatial models. Simon'​s //La Route des Flandres// demonstrates that narrative is a formal, not an epistemological activity and is thus open to question and experimentation. Le palace searches for a narrative principle which would successfully mediate between the anarchy of experience and the architecture of form. Pictorial models are introduced as alternatives,​ but the text itself resists and exceeds the limits imposed by these models.
  
-Chapters Four and Five investigate the alternatives proposed by the Marxist Jorge Semprun ​for whom spatial models are a critique but an ineffective complication of linear narrative. In //Le grand voyage//, the attempt to narrate historical loss and negativity without suppression leads to the need to open temporal linearity from within by complicating space. //La deuxième mort de Ramon Mercader// explores this spatial complication by showing vision to be a complicated construct in which vision disrupts, complicates and is complicated by discourse.+Chapters Four and Five investigate the alternatives proposed by the Marxist Jorge Semprún ​for whom spatial models are a critique but an ineffective complication of linear narrative. In //Le grand voyage//, the attempt to narrate historical loss and negativity without suppression leads to the need to open temporal linearity from within by complicating space. //La deuxième mort de Ramon Mercader// explores this spatial complication by showing vision to be a complicated construct in which vision disrupts, complicates and is complicated by discourse.
  
 This dissertation recognizes the tension between spatial and temporal models to be both interesting and productive and argues for a critical perspective which resists resolution in terms of either space or time. ### This dissertation recognizes the tension between spatial and temporal models to be both interesting and productive and argues for a critical perspective which resists resolution in terms of either space or time. ###
  
 CÉSPEDES GALLEGO, Jaime, « //La segunda muerte de Ramón Mercader// (1969) », //La obra de Jorge Semprún : Claves de interpretación. Vol. 1 : Autobiografía y novela//, Berne, Peter Lang (Perspectivas hispánicas),​ 2012, p. 157-164. +++ Monographie CÉSPEDES GALLEGO, Jaime, « //La segunda muerte de Ramón Mercader// (1969) », //La obra de Jorge Semprún : Claves de interpretación. Vol. 1 : Autobiografía y novela//, Berne, Peter Lang (Perspectivas hispánicas),​ 2012, p. 157-164. +++ Monographie
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 VERDEGAL CEREZO, Joan Manuel, « Españolismo y antiestalinismo en Jorge Semprún, Semblante de un premio "​Fémina"​ de 1969 », //Anales de filología francesa//, no 4 (1992), p. 159-167. +++ Article de revue VERDEGAL CEREZO, Joan Manuel, « Españolismo y antiestalinismo en Jorge Semprún, Semblante de un premio "​Fémina"​ de 1969 », //Anales de filología francesa//, no 4 (1992), p. 159-167. +++ Article de revue
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 AMAR SÁNCHEZ, Ana María, « El arte de la política/ la política del arte : Semprún y Padura ante el asesinato de Trotsky », //Cuadernos de literatura//,​ vol. 18, no 35 (2014), p. 247-258. +++ Article de revue AMAR SÁNCHEZ, Ana María, « El arte de la política/ la política del arte : Semprún y Padura ante el asesinato de Trotsky », //Cuadernos de literatura//,​ vol. 18, no 35 (2014), p. 247-258. +++ Article de revue

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